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Implementation and Maintenance of Floating Treatment Wetlands for Urban Stormwater Management

Abstract : The floating treatment wetland (FTW) is an innovative hydroponic device which can be installed on the surface of a stormwater retention pond to improve its pollutant removal efficiency. Limited full-scale experiments have been published, and no design or maintenance guidelines have been developed to date to promote their use. This paper presents implementation and maintenance considerations developed based on the monitoring of three full-scale ponds retrofitted with FTWs. Results suggest that the size and relative surface cover of the FTW, the relative root depth, and the capability of the plants to tolerate periodic anaerobic conditions are crucial factors to promote good removal across a spectrum of pollutants. Special attention to the location and anchorage of the FTW are thought to promote good performance and facilitate FTW maintenance. While zinc and copper sediment concentrations were unlikely to cause undue aquatic impacts after 2 years of operation, more frequent sediment removal will be needed than in conventional retention ponds to maintain adequate storage capacity in the permanent pool because of enhanced sedimentation. Given proper installation and maintenance, FTWs can enhance aesthetic and water quality benefits of stormwater ponds. (C) 2015 American Society of Civil Engineers.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 22, 2016 - 4:17:04 PM
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Karine E. Borne, Elizabeth A. Fassman-Beck, Ryan J. Winston, William F. Hunt, Chris C. Tanner. Implementation and Maintenance of Floating Treatment Wetlands for Urban Stormwater Management. Journal of Environmental Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, 2015, 141 (11), pp.04015030. ⟨10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0000959⟩. ⟨hal-01260868⟩



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